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C言語でのchar short long longlongでの最大値の定義

limits.hに色々なタイプのCの整数の最大値と、最小値が文字定数として定義されています

...
#define CHAR_BIT      8         /* number of bits in a char */
#define SCHAR_MIN   (-128)      /* minimum signed char value */
#define SCHAR_MAX     127       /* maximum signed char value */
#define UCHAR_MAX     0xff      /* maximum unsigned char value */

#ifndef _CHAR_UNSIGNED
#define CHAR_MIN    SCHAR_MIN   /* mimimum char value */
#define CHAR_MAX    SCHAR_MAX   /* maximum char value */
#else
#define CHAR_MIN      0
#define CHAR_MAX    UCHAR_MAX
#endif  /* _CHAR_UNSIGNED */

#define MB_LEN_MAX    5             /* max. # bytes in multibyte char */
#define SHRT_MIN    (-32768)        /* minimum (signed) short value */
#define SHRT_MAX      32767         /* maximum (signed) short value */
#define USHRT_MAX     0xffff        /* maximum unsigned short value */
#define INT_MIN     (-2147483647 - 1) /* minimum (signed) int value */
#define INT_MAX       2147483647    /* maximum (signed) int value */
#define UINT_MAX      0xffffffff    /* maximum unsigned int value */
#define LONG_MIN    (-2147483647L - 1) /* minimum (signed) long value */
#define LONG_MAX      2147483647L   /* maximum (signed) long value */
#define ULONG_MAX     0xffffffffUL  /* maximum unsigned long value */
#define LLONG_MAX     9223372036854775807i64       /* maximum signed long long int value */
#define LLONG_MIN   (-9223372036854775807i64 - 1)  /* minimum signed long long int value */
#define ULLONG_MAX    0xffffffffffffffffui64       /* maximum unsigned long long int value */
...

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